What is Federal Jurisdiction? Is this the correct jurisdiction for me?
Federal courts can only hear certain types of cases. Like all other federal trial courts, this court is only authorized to hear disputes that fall into the following categories:
- Those that deal with a question involving the United States Constitution;
- Those that involve questions of federal law, as opposed to state law;
- Those that involve the United States of America as a party, whether plaintiff or defendant; or,
- Those that involve a dispute among citizens of different states with an amount in controversy more than $75,000.
You must do your own legal research to determine whether to bring your case in federal court. The Clerk’s Office employees cannot tell you whether federal court is the proper jurisdiction to bring your case. Once the case is filed in federal court, only a judge can make the final determination of whether the court has jurisdiction over the case.